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What should I do during pregnancy to have a healthy baby? | MOMSANDCHILD


      في رحلة الحمل والاستعدادات التي تسبقها ، عندما يخطط الزوجان لإنجاب طفل ، هناك العديد من المعلومات والتفاصيل المهمة التي يجب معرفتها ، وأثناء الحمل يجب أن تكون الحامل على دراية كاملة بكل ما يتعلق بها ، من التغذية والحركة وأنظمة الرياضة ، وحتى الأعراض وعوامل الخطر ، مما يعني تقريبًا كل ما يتعلق بهذه المرحلة المهمة جدًا من حياة كل امرأة.

إختبار الحمل

نبدأ رحلة الحمل منذ بدايتها مع الدكتورة يسرية محمد استشارية أمراض النساء والتوليد حيث أوضحت أن هناك العديد من أنواع اختبارات الحمل. بما في ذلك اختبار الحمل المنزلي في البول (اختبار hCG) والذي له العديد من الأنواع والعلامات التجارية ، وهو متوفر في الصيدليات ، ويتم إجراؤه بقطرات من البول لاختبار ما إذا كان هرمون الحمل فيه ، وطرق التحليل دائمًا يختلف من شخص لآخر ، لذلك يجب اتباع النشرة الداخلية للعبوة الدوائية.
هذا الاختبار أقل دقة ويجب إجراؤه بعد انتهاء الفترة بأكثر من يومين.

ما هي علامات الحمل الصحي؟

في البداية ، لمن لم يتأكد من حملهن بعد ، يمكن أن تساعدهن بعض الأعراض ، وأوضحت يسرية أن بعض النساء لا يعانين من أي أعراض قبل الأسابيع المتقدمة من الحمل ، ولكن أهم عرضين هما الدوخة ، والتعب الشديد المفاجئ ، قد تشعر النساء الأخريات أيضًا بالغثيان المبكر أو فقدان الشهية ، ويفضلن نوعًا من الطعام على الآخر ويأكلنه بنهم ، وتصبح حلماتهن أغمق في اللون وفي بعض الحالات يكبرون ، وقد تعاني النساء من تقلبات مزاجية وعصبية وعاطفية وحساسية مفرطة و تتوق بشدة لأنواع غريبة من الطعام.
بعد الإخصاب وقبل الدورة الشهرية ، قد يكون هناك بعض قطرات الدم الوردي ، وقد تشعر الحامل بالكسل والرغبة في النوم ، وقد تعاني أيضًا من ارتفاع أو انخفاض الضغط وألم في الثدي وألم في المعدة وكثرة التبول.

أغذية الحوامل

Yusriya also advises pregnant women to eat fresh foods, dark leafy vegetables such as spinach, watercress, lentils, and legumes, to cook meat well.
To eat less seafood and to cook it well if eaten, to eat fruits of all kinds, especially apples, oranges, dried apricots, and pears.
To avoid fats, roasted and heavily foundry meats, as well as avoiding raw food, and all types of processed meat, smoked and salty meats such as herring, fish, and luncheon, and to keep away from chocolate, spicy foods, and excess salt and pickles.

Drinks during pregnancy

Healthy drinks during pregnancy are extremely important. Such as drinking much water, and drinking milk and fruit juices.
But it is not advisable to drink any type of caffeine.
For tea, coffee, Nescafe, Cappuccino, and latte the pregnant should not have more than one cup per day from them, and of course, she should avoid cinnamon, ginger, previously prepared, and canned drinks.

Movement during pregnancy

The pregnant needs to know her movement limitations and precautions, for example, a sudden, rapid flash movement is not something she should do, it is also necessary to reduce times of bending, avoid sleeping on the abdomen continuously, and sitting in a squatting position, as well as avoiding hard moves.

Effort in pregnancy

Yusrya explained that in the first trimester of pregnancy (the first three months), the pregnant must avoid violent and arduous movements and housework, never carry or push heavy objects, and keep away from grief.
She must also, pay attention to these precautions during the rest of the pregnancy.

What are some bad signs during pregnancy?

There are signs of danger during pregnancy where the pregnant should consult her doctor immediately when seeing them, such as bleeding or having dark and brown vaginal secretions, high body temperature, and continuous tremors, when the pregnancy symptoms suddenly disappear, and when the pregnant has a severe stomach pain, severe headache, fetal water leakage, acute decrease in urination with severe thirst, frequent fainting, allergic or severe scratching, persistent and exaggerated vomiting, and severe swelling that affects all parts of the body such as the hands, the eyes, and the face.

Pregnancy with twins

Pregnancy with twins is surrounded by many myths, like if the abdomen is growing larger quickly then it might be a sign of having a twin, which is a false information, there is no relationship between the size of the abdomen at the first months and the number of fetuses.

Dr. Yusrya explained that it is easy to reveal pregnancy with twins through the sonar, or through hearing the heartbeats of the Embryos, or seeing more than one pregnancy bag, some pregnant women with twins can have severe symptoms of pregnancy, but some have similar symptoms to those who are pregnant with only one child.


Exercising

The women consultant continued and talked about the importance of exercising during pregnancy, stressing that the pregnant woman can only practice by direct order from the doctor who follows her condition, and it is preferable to avoid exercise completely during the first trimester.
Sport during pregnancy is beneficial to the body’s flexibility, and to facilitate birth and labor, as well as controlling pregnant weight and protection from gestational diabetes and preeclampsia, and one of the best sports for pregnant women is yoga, walking, and relaxation exercises.
Violent sports, carrying heavy loads, sports with unsafe movements or with the possibility of falling to the ground or bumping into something or somebody, such as basketball, horse riding, etc. are completely forbidden.
The pregnant is only allowed to exercise at the specialized pregnant women section in sport and physical centers.

Marital relationship during pregnancy

Dr. Attia Abu Al-Naja, a consultant of women, obstetrics, and infertility, advises to rationalize the marital relationships between the spouses during pregnancy in order to avoid some serious uterine contractions, especially in the first three months.
So, in the first period of pregnancy, it is necessary to refrain from marital relationships according to the doctor’s order, and each case has instructions that have to be followed, some cases require to completely abstain from sexual intercourse, such as bleeding and placenta accreta.

Back pain in pregnancy

Regarding back pain during pregnancy, Dr. Amr Hassan, a consultant of obstetrics and gynecology, tells us that these pains are normal during pregnancy, provided that they are within the normal range determined by the follow-up doctor, and one of the most important tips for the pregnant to get rid of back pain is to have an erection, straighten her back and shoulders completely when sitting or working, and have a walk each half an hour, and avoid bending a lot, or sleeping on the back ( during the last trimesters because of the increased weight of the abdomen).

Traveling during pregnancy

During pregnancy, many pregnant women are confused in front of the idea of ​​traveling, and Dr. Yusriya Muhammad advises that the pregnant woman should travel only by the order of her treating physician and she must avoid traveling on rough roads for long distances.
During all the pregnancy period only the doctor can give permission for the pregnant to travel (and of course, each case is different from another), the means and the duration of the travel must be taken in consideration, and it is preferable for those who have pressure problems or gestational diabetes to not travel during pregnancy.


Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes, Dr. Yusriya talked about it, explaining that it is a case of high blood sugar during pregnancy, which may be a risky thing on the baby in some cases or it can cause him to grow larger or it can be a sign of premature birth.
The pregnant should avoid excessive intake of unhelpful sugars (such as oriental sweets, tortillas, chocolate, industrial sweets, and children's sweets), and frequent addition of sugar to drinks, kunafa, and starches in abundance.
It is preferable to eat fruits and natural juices made from them. gestational diabetes can be controlled by organizing nutrition during pregnancy, or by doses of specific diabetes treatments according to the situation and based on the doctor's orders, this condition may disappear immediately after giving birth to the baby.

Preeclampsia

تصيب مقدمات الارتعاج بعض النساء الحوامل نتيجة لارتفاع ضغط الدم الشديد فهي تسبب انتفاخات منفصلة في الجسم ، وتهدد سلامة الحمل ، الأمر الذي قد يتطلب ولادة مبكرة ، ويمكن معالجة هذه الحالة عن طريق تنظيم التغذية بتعليمات من الطبيب ، و المتابعة المستمرة للمرأة الحامل ، وقد تتطلب تسمم الحمل أحيانًا بعض الأدوية.
وأخيرًا ، يجب على أولئك الذين عانوا من ارتفاع ضغط الدم قبل الحمل إبلاغ طبيبهم بهذه المعلومات.

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